Integrated Pest Management
As troublesome as pests are, they are a big part of nature and play important roles in our ecosystem. Embracing this idea, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a strategy that aims to keep plant pests’ population low, rather than eradicating them completely. This is done through a combination of techniques that is environmentally friendly and affordable.
The Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Approach
- Identify your pests
- Identifying pests correctly is the most important part of pest management. Different pests will need different management methods, so being specific is the most efficient way.
- Use our pest identifier tool and explore pest pages to learn about pests and their life cycles!
- Monitor for pests
- Check your garden regularly for plant pests, ideally whenever you visit the garden.
- Plants that are overgrown, with distorted or holey leaves, discoloration, damaged stems, or slow growth might be harbouring pests! Look for them wherever something looks amiss.
- Strive for ecological balance rather than perfect aesthetics.
- It is generally not possible to have a garden completely free of pests without also affecting beneficial biodiversity, like pollinators.
- The first line of pest control is to prevent the pest from becoming a threat.
- Keeping plants healthy, using hardscapes like netting, quarantining new plants, regular pest checks and general maintenance are good ways to prevent pests from taking over your garden.
- There are various methods for controlling pests, including cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical.
- Chemical control should always be the last resort, as improper use of pesticides may cause damage to your health and the environment.
- Learn about different pest control methods, and how they should be used.